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Animal Husbandry Departmental Profile

Tripura is a landlocked state in North East India, where the seven contiguous states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura are collectively known as the Seven Sister States. Spread over 10,491.69 km2 (4,050.86 sq mi), Tripura is the third-smallest among the 28 states in the country, behind Goa and Sikkim. It extends from 2256'N to 2432'N, and 9109'E to 9220'E. Its maximum extent measures about 184 km (114 mi) from north to south, and 113 km (70 mi) east to west. Tripura is bordered by the country of Bangladesh to the west, north and south; and the Indian states of Assam to the north east and Mizoram to the east.

The physiographic is characterized by hill ranges, valleys and plains. The state has five anticlinal ranges of hills running north to south, from Boromura in the west, through Atharamura, Longtharai and Shakhan, to the Jampui Hills in the east. The state has a tropical savanna climate. The undulating topography leads to local variations, particularly in the hill ranges. The four main seasons are winter, from December to February; pre-monsoon or summer, from March to April; monsoon, from May to September; and post-monsoon, from October to November. Like most of the Indian subcontinent, Tripura lies within the Indomalaya ecozone. Tripura hosts three different types of ecosystems: mountain, forest and freshwater.
The topography, climate and Socio-economic conditions makes the people to depend more on Animal Husbandry activities mainly because of traditional agriculture in hilly areas allows only about 30% of the land in the State. Heavy rainfall in sloppy hills not only causes soil erosion but also makes it acidic by removing the soluble basic part of the soil by the solvent action of the run-off water and loss of productivity.

Prior to 1947 there was only one Veterinary Dispensary in Agartala at Astabal premises for treatment of Animals of Maharaja of Tripura. People also used to avail the said facility for treatment for their domestic animals. Subsequently, two other dispensaries were established one at Dharmanagar and the other at Kailashahar. During the first five year Plan period i.e. in the year 1951 seven more dispensaries were opened. Animal Husbandry Department was tagged under the Agriculture Department. During second Plan Period (1956-61) the Animal Husbandry sector was handed over to the Tripura Territorial Council (TTC). Chief Executive officer was the head of the Department. During the third Plan Period (1961-66) the TTC handed over the Department to Tripura Administration in the year 1965-66 and on November 1969 Animal Husbandry was accorded independent status and named as Directorate of Animal Husbandry. The department was renamed as Department of Animal Resources Development in the year 1993.


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