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Centrally Sponsored Schemes: Schemes

1. Rain Fall Areal Development Prgogramme (RADP)


Rainfed areas assume special significance in terms of ecology, agricultural productivity and livelihood for millions of rural households in India. These areas not only constitute about three-fourth of the land mass under arid, semi-arid, and dry-humid zones, but also account for nearly 57 per cent of the agricultural land spread across large parts of the country. Rainfed agriculture is complex, diverse and risk-prone activity. However, Rainfed areas, if managed properly, have the potential to contribute a larger share in the food grain production. These high potential rainfed areas provide us with opportunities for faster agricultural growth compared to irrigated areas that have reached a plateau. 1.2 Holistic agriculture development through Integrated Farming System (IFS) provides an opportunity for development and integration of multiple components of agricultural system such as crops, horticulture, livestock, fishery, agro-forestry with agro-based income generating activities and value addition. The basic premise of the proposed programme is to encourage exploitation of the potential of different farming systems based upon the natural resource assets/endowments (ponds, land development, nursery etc) created either by the farmers or through schemes like MNREGA, RKVY, NHM and Watershed Projects. This will act as a catalyst to accomplish the ultimate objective of enhanced productivity, minimizing the risk of crop losses due to uncertainties of weather conditions, harnessing efficiency of resources, assuring food and livelihood / income security at farm level and strengthen the farmers’ capacity to adapt to climatic changes.

OBJECTIVE: The programme aims at improving the quality of life of farmers, especially small and marginal farmers, by offering a complete package of activities to maximize the farm returns for enhancing his/her food and livelihood security. 2.2 The broad objectives are:
a) Increasing agricultural productivity of rainfed areas in a sustainable manner by adopting appropriate farming system based approaches.
b) To minimize the adverse impact of possible crop failure due to drought, flood or un-even rainfall distribution through diversified and composite farming systems.
c) Restoration of confidence in rainfed agriculture by creating sustained employment opportunities through improved on-farm technologies and cultivation practices.
d) Enhancement of farmers’ income and livelihood support for reduction of poverty in rainfed areas.
e) Convergence of relevant developmental programmes in project areas for optimal utilization of resources by establishing an integrated and coordinated system involving different sectors and institutions.

2. National Food Security Mission- Rice (NFSM-Rice)

Introduction : As a sequel to the resolution passed by the NDC in its 53rd Meeting held on 23rd May, 2007, the NFSM was launched in 2007-08 (the 1st year of XI Five year plan) with the objective to increase the country’s production of rice by 10 million tonnes, wheat by 8 million tonnes and pulses by 2 million tonnes by the terminal year of XI Five year Plan (2011-2012).
NSFM being one of the flagship programmes of the Government in the agriculture sector is viewed with utmost importance in terms of its contribution to raise production and productivity of food grains besides sustainability of soil health and farmers' income.

Mission Objectives:-
a) Increasing production of rice through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a suitable manner in the identified Districts of the country.
b) Restoring Soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level.
c) Creation of employment opportunities.
d) Enhancing farm level economy (i.e farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers.

3. Rastriya Krishi Vikash Yojona (RKVY): Since RKVY is a State Plan Scheme, being implemented by the State, appropriate steps are taken for formulation of the projects that are implemented by Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Resource Development Department, Fisheries, Milk Union &TTAADC. Through this Scheme, the farming community of the State is being benefited for overall Development of Agriculture & Allied Sector. Besides this, infrastructures Development in Agriculture Sector are also being taken up under this scheme.
4. Mini Mission-II of Technology Mission of Cotton (90:10): The objective of the scheme is to popularize cultivation of improved HYV cotton varieties in the State especially in the TSP areas.
5. Establishment of an Agency for Reporting Agricultural Statistics (EARAS) (100% Central share): The major objective is to estimate area coverage under different crops through plot to plot survey in 4 seasons of Agricultural year in selected Revenue Moujas of the State. The Scheme also envisages estimating production and productivity of Major Crops through crop cutting Experiments for Aush Paddy, Aman paddy, Boro paddy, Wheat, Mustard and Potato. Area, Production & Productivity of other major crops shall be done based on forecasting method.
6. Mini Mission-II of Jute Technology (75:25): The main objective of the scheme is to improve productivity and quality of Jute and Mesta in the potential areas of the State.
7. Support to State Extension Programme for Extension Reforms (ATMA) (90:10): Farmers are provided financial assistance to organize themselves in the form of groups around a particular commodity i.e. a Commodity Interest Groups (CIG), largely consisting of about 20 farmers. Financial assistance is also provided to farmers for the following extension activities in agriculture and allied sectors :Training of farmers – within district, within state and interstate, Demonstration on the field for farmers, Exposure visit to other districts within the State and to other States, Kissan Melas at district level., Setting up of Farm Schools at Block / Panchayat level, A Farmers’ Advisory Committee (FAC) is constituted to articulate farmer’s interests within the Block. The highest decision making forum under Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) is its Governing Body which consists of officials concerned as well as representatives of farmers and others. Another major feature of ATMA scheme is that it provides funds for extension activities in not only the agriculture sector but also all other allied sectors such as dairying poultry, fisheries, sericulture, horticulture etc, Women farmers play a very significant role in farming operations, with a view to providing extension support, minimum 30% of funds under ATMA scheme are to be utilized for the benefit of women farmers. Funding Pattern is 90% by the Government of India and 10% by the State Governments.

8. Development and Strengthening of Infrastructure facilities for Production and Distribution of Quality Seeds (100% Central share): The main objective is to develop and strengthen the seed infrastructure facilities relating to processing, storage, production and distribution of certified/quality seeds and quality control arrangement of seeds as well as to provide technical know-how to farmers in seed production. Other objectives are to make available seeds to the farmers during natural calamities like droughts, floods, disease outbreaks etc., to provide Transport Subsidy on movement of seeds to ensure timely availability of certified/quality seeds at reasonable price to the farmers in remote areas, to strengthen the Seed Quality Control Organizations i.e. State Seed Certification Agencies and Seed Testing Laboratories to regulate the quality of seeds distributed to the farmers.

9. Macro Management in Agriculture (100% Central share): It aims at all round development in agriculture through Work Plan prepared by the State Governments. Following sub-schemes are implemented under MMA in our State:
• Integrated Cereal Development Programmes in Rice Based Cropping System Areas (ICDP – Rice).
• Integrated Development Programmes for Pulses, Maize and Oilseeds.
• Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization among Farmers.
• National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA).
• Soil Conservation in Catchments of River Valley Projects & Flood Prone Rivers (RVP & FPR). Funding pattern in the case of Tripura is 100% Central share.

10. Promotion and Strengthening of Agricultural Mechanization through Training, Testing & Demonstration (100% Central share): The objectives of the scheme are to organize Demonstration, training for trainers, officials from State Governments and farmers etc in the selection, operation, maintenance/ repairs of specialized and other such equipment, energy conservation, scheduling and management of various agricultural implements and machineries.

11. Establishment of an Agency for reporting Agricultural Statistics (EARAS) (100:0): The objective of the scheme is to estimate area coverage under different crops through plot to plot survey in 4 seasons of agricultural year in selected Revenue Mouzas of the state. The scheme also envisages estimating production and productivity of major crops through Crop Cutting Experiments for Aus Paddy, Aman Paddy, Boro paddy, Wheat, Mustard and Potato. Area, production & productivity of other major crops shall be done based on forecasting method. Beside this, other objective is to provide the estimates of Land Use Statistics. Outlay for the scheme is Rs. 120.00 lakhs of which Central share is Rs. 120.00 Lakhs.

12. Rastriya Krishi Bima Yojana (50:50): The objective of the scheme is to provide relief to the farmers in the shape of compensation for loss of yield due to natural calamities. Proposed outlay for 2012-13 is Rs. 20.00 lakhs out of which Central share is Rs. 10.00 lakhs.

State Plan Scheme:

1. Scheme for Agriculture development: The scheme aims at production and productivity of food grains to meet the requirement of the state through distribution of Hybrid and certified seeds of promising varieties of Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses and Oilseeds etc. and cash crops like Jute & Mesta, cotton etc to the cultivators at subsidized rate as incentive for motivation and varietal replacements. Another objective is to popularize use of chemical fertilizers at subsidized rate (including internal transport subsidies) in conjunction with bio-fertilizer, creation of awareness for using more and more organic manures, organizing soil testing at the farmers' doorstep etc. The scheme also aims at providing need based support to the cultivators to combat epidemic outbreak and attack of pests and diseases. It includes distribution of plant protection equipments to the small and marginal farmers on subsidy including strengthening of Department Stock. Beside this, the scheme also aims at meeting the liabilities including salary of staff, wages of labourers including transfer of fund to TTAADC, stipend, scholarship, Trainings etc including cost of fuel, electricity and telephone charges, office expenses, Rent, rate & Taxes, Publications, Minor Works, Supplies and Materials, Advertising and Publicity, participation in different state level Fairs, Exhibitions, Melas including conduction of different types of Campaigns, farmers forum etc.

2. Scheme for Agriculture Infrastructure development: The importance of good infrastructure for agricultural development is widely recognized. The Department proposes to improve infrastructure and connected supporting services to augment food grains production and to attain self sufficiency in food grain production. In accordance with this, the department proposes to construct fertilizer Go- downs for buffer stock of fertilizer, agriculture directorate building, S.A Offices, Agri sector Offices, Input Stores, Laboratories through utilization of the available resources from existing schemes of the State and Central resources.

3. Scheme for Development of Cold Store: At present there are 4 (Four) Cold Storages under Agriculture Department in Tripura. Construction works of Seven more Cold Storages are likely to be completed during 12 FYP. The scheme aims to keep fresh products in cold Storage to ensure better market price in off-season.

4. Scheme for Agriculture Research, Education and Training: There is the State Agricultural Research Station (SARS) at Arundhutinagar, Agartala through which research works are being undertaken in each season in the Government Farms as well as Cultivators field to see the adoptability of particular crop/variety in the State befitting with our agro climatic condition. Besides, provision has been made for purchase of farm machineries, strengthening of Central Agriculture Library by way of purchase of books, journals etc. This Scheme also aims to diffuse technology and administration. The scheme aims at development of technical personnel at various levels of Agricultural Extension & Administration. The young farmers and farmer's sons will also be trained at UGTC, Lembucherra on modern farming system. Specialized short duration training on Integrated Farming Technology has been proposed to be imparted to the Field level Workers like Agri. Assistants, Agri. Inspectors. Purchase/repairing of furniture of training class rooms have been proposed to be undertaken from this scheme. In order to fulfil requirement of Human Resource Developmnt, the State Government has set up an Agricultural College at Lembucherra which started its journey from 24th august, 2007 to cater to the need of Agriculture Research & Education in Tripura. It is needless to mention here that State Government is implementing a programme of attaining self-sufficiency in foodgrains as well as fruits & vegetables. The presence of Agricultural College in the State is definitely playing a key-role in achieving the self-sufficiency as well as sustainability in agricultural production.

5. Development of Markets and Marketing Facilities in Tripura: The objective of the scheme is to develop the infrastructure of regulated and rural markets and to provide marketing facilities of agricultural produce in a phased manner. The state is having 554 Primary Rural Markets, in which there are 84 Wholesale Assembling Markets including 21 Regulated Markets guided by Tripura Agricultural Produce Markets Act. 1980.


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