Animal Husbandry Departmental Profile
Tripura is a landlocked state in North
East India, where the seven contiguous states – Arunachal Pradesh,
Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura – are
collectively known as the Seven Sister States. Spread over 10,491.69
km2 (4,050.86 sq mi), Tripura is the third-smallest among the 28
states in the country, behind Goa and Sikkim. It extends from
22°56'N to 24°32'N, and 91°09'E to 92°20'E. Its maximum extent
measures about 184 km (114 mi) from north to south, and 113 km (70
mi) east to west. Tripura is bordered by the country of Bangladesh
to the west, north and south; and the Indian states of Assam to the
north east and Mizoram to the east.
The physiographic is characterized by hill ranges, valleys and
plains. The state has five anticlinal ranges of hills running north
to south, from Boromura in the west, through Atharamura, Longtharai
and Shakhan, to the Jampui Hills in the east. The state has a
tropical savanna climate. The undulating topography leads to local
variations, particularly in the hill ranges. The four main seasons
are winter, from December to February; pre-monsoon or summer, from
March to April; monsoon, from May to September; and post-monsoon,
from October to November. Like most of the Indian subcontinent,
Tripura lies within the Indomalaya ecozone. Tripura hosts three
different types of ecosystems: mountain, forest and freshwater.
The topography, climate and Socio-economic conditions makes the
people to depend more on Animal Husbandry activities mainly because
of traditional agriculture in hilly areas allows only about 30% of
the land in the State. Heavy rainfall in sloppy hills not only
causes soil erosion but also makes it acidic by removing the soluble
basic part of the soil by the solvent action of the run-off water
and loss of productivity.
Prior to 1947 there was only one Veterinary Dispensary in Agartala
at Astabal premises for treatment of Animals of Maharaja of Tripura.
People also used to avail the said facility for treatment for their
domestic animals. Subsequently, two other dispensaries were
established one at Dharmanagar and the other at Kailashahar. During
the first five year Plan period i.e. in the year 1951 seven more
dispensaries were opened. Animal Husbandry Department was tagged
under the Agriculture Department. During second Plan Period
(1956-61) the Animal Husbandry sector was handed over to the Tripura
Territorial Council (TTC). Chief Executive officer was the head of
the Department. During the third Plan Period (1961-66) the TTC
handed over the Department to Tripura Administration in the year
1965-66 and on November 1969 Animal Husbandry was accorded
independent status and named as Directorate of Animal Husbandry. The
department was renamed as Department of Animal Resources Development
in the year 1993.
PRESENT MINISTER INCHARGE : - SRI AGHORE DEBBARMA.